Health System in Developing Countries

One of the main goals of health system is to improve health over the population. Certainly, every country has its own health system regardless of the strategies they use (Murray and Julio 717). Of course, there are disparities between developed and developing countries, but the net result is to convey the standard of health. Consequently, to insure that the health system is proceeding in a good manner, there are some criteria that we have considered. These are the responsibility which play an active role in taking action, funding from other health organizations also considered valuable to improve health system in developing countries, and lastly effective polices that every country should follow to meet the standardize of health system.

Apparently, the government is the first responsible to initiate and improve health to their population. Beside the government, a good leader will play an important role to generate policies and implement them in an effective way to benefit the population (Gostin 9). With focusing a bit in low-income countries, it seems to me that the health system is showing improvements day after day but still there is a shortage in health system and sometimes slow in the implementation and that could needs supporting from other developed countries and health organizations. However, the responsibility of rich countries is to share what they have gained from knowledge, experiences or even resources to improve the health in other developing countries. Specifically, if one of low-income countries in need of any kind of vaccine and other high-income country has it, so it is the responsibility of the high-income country to share this vaccine with the low-income one (Gostin 9).

Likewise, there must be annual funds for the health promotion, especially in low-income countries. These resources not only limited to healthcare in particular, but also, it should include sanitation, drinkable water, and valuable neutrinos. These what we called the rule of the country to improve the health over their population (Gostin 9). Statistical evidence shows that, the foreign aid to improve health in developing countries approximately considered more than thirty percent (Gostin 9). Unfortunately, they spend it in improper way. In other words, if the developing countries used every single dollar in the right way in healthcare system, they will meet at least the standard of health to every person in their population.

Basically, health system go through identify the problems that affect the health in the region and propose polices that will overcome these obstacles. It needs good decision makers to perform the rules. One also could say regarding health system is that, the confidentiality of individual’s health is important to better result in outcome of the health. For instance, if the individuals feel confident that the healthcare provider will respect they confidentiality, they might give more information about their medical history and eventually will lead to better results in delivering good healthcare (Murray and Julio 720).

As I see it, there are two approaches that global effort takes place to enhance the health over low-income countries. These are strategies focusing on health system, which aim to health improvement by primary healthcare movement; this movement was first commencing by WHO and UNICEF in 1978, and used different sectors from the government to promote this movement and this is known as horizontal approach. The second strategy was focusing on specific diseases and targeting mainly infectious diseases such as AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria, and so on. These efforts will finally participate in improving the health and known as vertical approach (Reich et al. 865).

Obviously, these contributions show their effect in improvement the health in low-income countries. Furthermore, health system is a combined complex between social and economic sets and that’s required rigorous policies to initiate both prevention and treatment in population (Reich et al. 865). I would say focusing on prevent the problems is more powerful than spending long time on treatment. There is a common proverb that said: prevention is better than treatment! Finally, when there is a good health system program and work effectively, definitely the results will be valid.

Works Cited

Gostin, Lawrence O. “What Duties do Poor Countries have for the Health of their Own People?” The Hastings Center report 40.2 (2010): 9-10. ProQuest. Web. 8 Oct. 2013.

Murray, Christopher J. L., and Julio Frenk. “A Framework for Assessing the Performance of Health Systems.” World Health Organization.Bulletin of the World Health Organization 78.6 (2000): 717-31. ProQuest. Web. 9 Oct. 2013.

Reich, Michael R., et al. “Global Action on Health Systems: A Proposal for the Toyako G8 Summit.” The Lancet 371.9615 (2008): 865-9. ProQuest. Web. 9 Oct. 2013.


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